The original grant consisted of six CSU campus partners--Dominguez Hills, Fresno, Fullerton, Northridge, Sacramento, and San Jose. The project has grown to include fourteen CSU archives. In the future, additional CSU archives will be welcomed into the project, and possibly other university collections or historical institution materials. Each institution has contributed parts of their larger physical collections to the digitization project. Below you will find a summary description of the physical archives at each of our partner universities. These summaries list the current physical archival holdings of each university. For more information on the digital archives visit our collections page.
California State University, Sacramento
Japanese American Archival Collection,
Approx. 210 linear feet
California State University, Fullerton
Center for Oral and Public History
Approx. 30 ft. Japanese American Oral History Project, 250+/- audio recordings (some multiple sessions). Verbatim, edited, and finalized transcripts, Photographs, Research materials, student papers and ephemera. Recordings: 18 linear ft. Video: 1.5 linear foot, non-transcript material: 9 linear ft.
Initially, this project began with individuals residing in Orange County, California, who, for the most part, were of Japanese ancestry and had been interned during the war in the Poston War Relocation Center in southwestern Arizona. More importantly, it indicates that within the next two years project members generated seventy-three new interviews, and that these taped recollections encompassed the Evacuation experiences of Japanese Americans and non-Japanese Americans from all over California, though particularly from the Los Angeles area-the prewar residential, commercial, and cultural center of the mainland Japanese American community.
In addition to addressing the situations prevalent for evacuees at the nine other War Relocation Authority (WRA) centers apart from Poston, especially the Manzanar center in eastern California that housed primarily evacuees from Los Angeles County, these interviews embraced the reminiscences of 1) Japanese Americans who had been detained temporarily in many of the fifteen assembly centers managed by the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA); 2) resident Japanese aliens deemed "potentially dangerous" who were interned in one or more of the several centers administered by the United States Department of Justice; 3) children and grandchildren of the evacuees capitalizing upon the symbolic meaning of the Evacuation as activists in contemporary movements of ethnic consciousness-cum-cultural politics; 4) Caucasians who had been employed by the WRA as camp administrators; and 5) non-Japanese residents of the small communities in the regions close to the sites of the former California camps of Manzanar and Tule Lake. The latter was located near the Oregon border and was converted during the war from a regular relocation center to a segregation center for Japanese Americans deemed "disloyal."
Since its inception, the project has grown to more than 250 discrete oral histories. COPH's Japanese American collections have been some of the most frequently used materials by local and international scholars. It is one of the leading resources for educators, students, researchers, and the general public to learn about the local and regional Japanese American experience.
Special Collections Department
5 linear feet.
Correspondence, publications, photographs and other materials relating to camps during World War II. Includes typed letter by Hideo Hashimoto to his friends on life in a relocation center after 3 months-undated, articles on Assembly Centers, three Dorothea Lange prints - May 1942 Articles on Gila (Rivers AZ); A year at Gila Anniversary Booklet - July 20, 1943: has illustrations and maps. Articles on Tule Lake Poston and Rivers, includes personal accounts; The Truth about Jap Camps by Maxine Davis, original letter written by General Jacob L. Devers commending his Japanese American soldiers dated April 30, 1945, copies of articles on the Jap/Am military experience; Committee in the Heart Mountain Relocation Center, State of Wyoming, Judicial Commission Case 181, Tom Yamada who was charged with assault and battery, transcript-Sept. 16, 1944; Family photo album, documents family in Hiroshima, Japan and has many photographs of Manzanar from 1942-1944. Many other items.
California State University, Long Beach
Oral History from South Bay/Los Angeles Nisei. This series of 16 oral histories is the result of a project created by members of the South Bay Chapter of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) to capture the stories of some of the older Japanese residents of the area and it has been added to VOAHA at their request. Seed money was granted in mid 2002 from the Pacific Southwest District of the JACL Trust Fund. Additional funding came through the California Civil Liberties Public Education Program, administered by the California State Library, in May 2003. The sixteen narrators in this series were chosen to reflect the various experiences of South Bay Issei and Nisei. Some grew up on farms and others in suburban area; some were incarcerated during WWII in concentration camps and some spent all or part of the war working and living in other parts of the US or Japan. All of them returned to the South Bay after WWII and observed the changes that have occurred in area through the end of the twentieth century.
California State University, Northridge
Approx. 12 linear feet. 24 oral histories
The six collections at CSU Northridge document incarceration through the War Relocation Authority (reports and memoranda) and relief or support groups for Japanese Americans during World War II. Collections include camp newsletters, camp publications and activity publications (usually mimeographed) and the papers of Eddie Muraoaka, who was incarcerated at Manzanar. Muraoaka's collection includes scrapbooks and other materials. The Rev. Wendell L. Miller Collection contains letters from Japanese Americans in camps during World War II.
These 24 oral histories document the lives of Japanese Americans who lived, or are currently living, in the San Fernando Valley. The participants are multi-generational, with many who experienced firsthand internment and prejudice during World War II. The narrators also shared stories of farming, family emigration from Japan, and the building of their lives and families in the San Fernando Valley both before and after the war.
The War Relocation Authority (WRA) was created on March 18, 1942, by Executive Order of the President, No. 9102. This new civilian agency was to be responsible for "the relocation (of evacuees) in appropriate places, providing for their needs in such manner as may be appropriate, and supervising their activities." The collection consists of reports, memoranda, news clippings, news digests, statistics, and other documents issued by the War Relocation Authority leading up to, during, and following the period of Japanese internment.
Many non-governmental groups sought redress for Japanese Americans interned during World War II. This collection contains reports, correspondence, publicity, and other documents issued by the Committee on Resettlement of Japanese Americans, National Japanese American Student Relocation Council, Pacific Coast Committee on American Principles and Fair Play, YMCA, American Friends Service Committee, and Japanese American Citizens League, and others.
During the internment of the Japanese-Americans from 1942-1945, newspapers recording camp activities and providing news of events outside the camps were issued by the internees from the beginning of their confinement in temporary assembly centers and permanent relocation centers. This collection of newsletters consists of nineteen titles from nine different camps.
The collection includes materials created at Japanese-American internment camps during World War II. Collection contents were independently written and distributed by inmates, and include information about camp newspapers, camp stores, school publications, and other camp activities. Documents may have been reviewed and censored by the WRA. Newspapers from outside the camps, which regularly reported on the camps and internment during and after the war, are also included.
Eddie S. Muraoka was interned during the Second World War at Manzanar Internment Camp in Manzanar, CA. The collection includes scrapbooks filled with news clippings on Japanese-American internment, dated 1942-1980s. It also includes loose issues of Pacific Citizen, Kashu Mainichi, Raffu Shimpo, and Maui Kanyaku Imin (Centennial Edition).
Reverend Wendell L. Miller was pastor of the University Methodist Church, Los Angeles. He became involved in local politics when gambling and prostitution began edging toward the area surrounding the University of Southern California (USC) campus. Miller founded the Citizens Independent Vice Investigating Committee (C.I.V.I.C.), which also campaigned against crime and corruption in City Hall, ultimately resulting in the recall of Mayor Frank L. Shaw. The collection includes a small amount of material documenting Rev. Miller's anti-war activities, especially letters from Japanese Americans sent to internment camps during World War II.
San Jose State University
Approx. 12 linear feet.
The Flaherty Japanese Internment Collection consists of documents and photographs relating to the Western Defense Command (WDC), the War Relocation Authority (WRA) and the Wartime Civilian Control Administration (WCCA) for the year 1942 mostly generated by Colonel Hugh T. Fullerton of the Western Defense Command. The collection includes administrative policies, orders, manuals, correspondence, statistics, posters, photographs and newspaper clippings. Another collection includes letters from prisoners inquiring why they were in the camp stockade to Willard Schmidt, the Chief of Internal Security for the War Relocation Authority and the Tule Lake Internment/ Segregation Camp.
Flaherty Collection: Japanese Internment Records Date (bulk): 1921-1966, bulk 1942 Accession number: MSS-2006-02
This collection consists of documents and photographs relating to the establishment and administrative workings of the Western Defense Command (WDC), the War Relocation Authority (WRA) and the Wartime Civilian Control Administration (WCCA) for the year 1942. It includes administrative policies, orders, manuals, correspondence, statistics, posters, photographs and newspaper clippings. The bulk of this collection documents the activities of 1942 but materials in series IV cover other time periods. The War Relocation Authority (WRA), together with the Wartime Civil Control Administration (WCCA), the Civil Affairs Division (CAD) and the Office of the Commanding General (OFG) of the Western Defense Command (WDC) operated together to segregate and house some 110,000 men women and children from 1942 to 1945. The collection contains documents and photographs relating to the establishment and administrative workings of the (WDC), the (WRA) and the (WCCA) for the year 1942.
Willard E. Schmidt Papers, 1942-1945, Bulk Dates: 1944 Collection number: MSS-2007-09-01
The Willard Schmidt collection, documents some of the administrative duties of Willard Schmidt, the Chief of Internal Security for the War Relocation Authority and the Tule Lake Internment/Segregation Camp. This collection contains administrative records and photos documenting the Tule Lake Internment/Segregation center.California State University, Fresno
CSU Fresno's collection consists of "ecollections" as well as physical materials. The digitized collections consist of oral histories of citizens of the San Joaquin Valley, photographs, publications and documents relating to incarceration. It also includes the Violet Kazue de Cristoforo Papers relating to a Japanese American poet who was incarcerated at Tule Lake. The collection includes her haikus written at the segregation center as well as other writings and materials related to the Redress Movement. Much of the digitized materials needs further subject analysis.
Fresno Assembly Center Collection, 1940s. 4 linear feet.
Records, architectural drawings and other materials relating to the Fresno Assembly Center.
Violet Kazue de Cristoforo Papers 1934-2007 (5.25 linear feet).
The papers of a Japanese American poet who was an internee at the Tule Lake Segregation Center. The collection includes her haikus written at the segregation center as well as other writings such as "A Victim of a Tule Lake Anthropolgist." Documents related to the redress movement and de Cristoforo's activism in that movement are also available as are items related to her 2007 National Heritage Fellowship award from the National Endowment for the Arts in addition to some personal and family information.
JACL-CCDC Japanese American Oral History Collection, 1998-2005 (39 DVDs).
A collection of 36 videotaped interviews with Japanese Americans (primarily Nisei) in the San Joaquin Valley. Funded by the Japanese Americans Citizens League (JACL), the oral histories were initiated by the late Izumi Taniguchi, a retired professor of Economics at California State University, Fresno. The JACL-CCDC oral histories can be accessed online through the San Joaquin Valley Japanese Americans in World War II ecollection.
Japanese Americans in World War II Collection, 1920-1995, (1 linear foot).
Newsletters produced in internment camps, pamphlets, newspapers, and photographs relating the experiences of Japanese American internees during World War II, especially in the San Joaquin Valley. Also includes official documents issued by the U.S. government declaring the official stance. The Japanese Americans in World War II photographs and some of the newsletters can be accessed online through the San Joaquin Valley Japanese Americans in World War II ecollection.
This collection includes materials from the Fresno County Library's Success Through Perseverance project, funded by the NEH, 1979-80).It contains 471 items, some of which are compound objects.
California State University, Dominguez Hills
Approx. 33 linear feet.
Several collections document not only the World War II era, but also Japanese Americans throughout the 20th century. The Asian Pacific Studies collections consists of newsletters, documents, photographs, a Japanese language syllabus, and the Okine Family correspondence found in an abandoned farm house on the CSUDH campus. The J. Ralph McFarling Papers deal with the resettlement of imprisoned Japanese Americans at the Amache Camp in Granada Colorado. The collection consists of memos relating to "resettlement" and letters from former Amache Camp prisoners who were writing about job prospects for Japanese American throughout the U.S. in 1945. The Ishibashi Family Collection documents the lives of Japanese American family members who farmed in Palos Verdes, California between 1910 and the 1980s. The Yukio Mochizuki Collection deals with Japanese-Peruvians in U.S. detention facilities. The Gripsholm Exchange Memoir consists of recollections of a ship used for hostage exchanges during World War II. The Rancho San Pedro and Del Amo Estate Collections contain materials relating to tenants on a large ranch run by descendants of the Dominguez Family in the South Bay of Los Angeles. As a result of the California Alien Land Act tenants and landlords had to follow various restrictive laws. The collections also contain the correspondence of tenants dealing with evacuation and relocation as well as requests for assistance during and toward the end of World War II. The Dave Kawagoye Collection documents Kawagoye's U.S. Army career with the 442nd regiment as well as Nisei veteran organizations. The Henry Ikemoto Military Collections focuses on Ikemoto's service in Europe during World War II. Other collections at Dominguez Hills consist of publications, Gardena, California High School yearbooks (1910s-1930s), anti-Japanese American materials, and images of the Henry Fukahara Manzanar Paint-Out in which artists return to Manzanar to paint.
Asian Pacific Studies Collection, 1920-1993.
12 linear feet.
The collection contains newsletters, statements, speeches, articles, camp directories, newspapers, magazines, personal documents, photographs and artifacts. The majority of the material is focused on the evacuation and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. However, there are also photographs of Japanese in Los Angeles at the turn of the century. Series include newsletters, photographs, published materials and Nihongo (Japanese Language) Syllabi (1943-1944) Okine Family correspondence (some from Rowher) and materials were found in an abandoned farm house on the east part of CSUDH. 85 letters.
Collection of materials generated by J. Ralph McFarling documenting the Amache Concentration Camp in Granada, Colorado where Japanese-Americans were imprisoned during World War II. Includes a ten page typescript memoir entitled "The Day the Ban Was Lifted" by McFarling describing conditions in the camp, weekly reports written by McFarling to the War Relocation Administration in Washington DC (1944-1945), memos and other data relating to camp management, letters from former prisoners who had left the camp and moved throughout the United States, a "resettlement" handbook and guides to the Amache camp published at the camp. Also includes a Smithsonian pamphlet entitled "The Japanese" published in 1943, a pamphlet entitled "The Displaced Japanese-Americans" published by the American Council on Public Affairs and a pamphlet entitled "Japan" by the editors of Fortune Magazine, 1944. Other materials include four camp photographs and three watercolor paintings of concentration camp barracks and their desert surroundings by H. Takata.
Ishibashi Family Collection, 1910-1990s.
2 linear feet.
Photographs, land leases, photo album, newspaper clippings, films and other materials relating to the life, family and work of Kumekichi and Masaichi Ishibashi, Japanese American farmers in Palos Verde, California between 1910 and 1980s. Includes photographs of the San Pedro Vegetable Growers Association, farming, Japanese American family life and a variety of other topics. Leases mostly between 1910 and 1920.
Mochizuki (Yukio) Collection, 1942-1998.
2 linear feet.
The Mochizuki Collection contains correspondence, documents, newspaper articles, term papers, and photographs. While thirteen countries from South America participated in this plan, eighty percent of the prisoners were sent by Peru. The first group of Japanese-Peruvians left Peru aboard the Etolin on April 5, 1942. Many others followed soon after. The Japanese-Peruvians were housed in three different camps in Texas: Kennedy, Seagoville, and Crystal City. They lived in these camps for the duration of the war. Mr Mochizuki's original research was about Japanese-American internment, so there is some material related to that theme. However, most of the material relates to the Japanese-Peruvian internment. There are personal documents belonging to Japanese-Peruvian internees. Most of these belong to Manuel Ykari, a native born Peruvian who eventually stayed in the United States and became a citizen. There is an official report by John Emmerson, Second Secretary to the American Embassy in Peru during World War II. There are also other government memos included. Warren Rucker's unpublished Master's Thesis on Japanese-Peruvians is also contained in this collection. In addition, there are newspaper articles dating from the 1940's through the 1980's on various subjects. These include the internment of Japanese- Americans, Japanese-Peruvians, and Japanese-Canadians.
Gidra Magazine Collection, 1969-1974.
54 Issues. 1 linear foot.
Issues of Gidra, an alternative magazine published initially by Japanese-American students in Los Angeles between 1969 and 1974. Described as a "News Magazine of the Asian American Community."
Kokusai Shashin Joho - "The International Graphic" Japanese Magazine, 1927-1931.
12 issues .5 linear feet.
Kokusai Shashin Joho - "The International Graphic" Magazine is a bilingual magazine published in Tokyo (mostly Japanese with some English captions). The magazine, first published in 1922, documents current event photography in Japan and around the world. Each issue consists of photography, art prints and larger fold-out prints. This collection consists of 12 issues (1927-1931). Included is the "Enthronement Pictorial Special Number" documenting Emperor Hirohito's ascension to the throne.Issues in this collection were sold by a Los Angeles magazine dealer.
Gardena Japanese Cultural Show Photo Albums, 1980-1986.
Gripsholm Exchanges Memoir, 1941- 2007.
.5 linear foot.
Manuscript memoir entitled The Gripsholm Exchanges: a short concise report on the exchanges of the hostages during WWII between the United States and Japan as it relates to Japanese Americans by Atushi Archie Miyamoto. These hostage exchanges took place between July 1942 and August 1943 in Lourenço Marques, Mozambique and Mormugao, India respectively. The author was a child passenger of the second exchange aboard the Swedish liner S.S. Gripsholm which was used as a repatriation ship during World War I Mr. Miyamoto returned to the United States as a teenager in 1948 and served as a lieutenant colonel in the US army until his retirement. The collection consists of two unpublished manuscripts written in October 2006, an original and revised version. The manuscript reviews the diplomatic negotiations which started in December 1941 and includes the accounts of two voyages, their stops en-route to their final destinations, and the hardships families experienced while painting a vivid picture of the detainees' experience. The author also dispels common misconceptions that depict the exchange as exclusively one of prisoners of wars or one including Japanese American internees from the Tule Lake internment camp in California rather than the actual detainees which were mostly diplomats.
This manuscript is based on the analyses of post-war Japanese resources, the Gripsholm passengers' lists, United States redress provisions for persons of Japanese ancestry, redress appeals, and personal testimonials of Japanese detainees, many of which are included as appendixes.
Rancho San Pedro Collection, 1769-1972, bulk 1900-1960.
155 linear feet. (2 feet selected for this project).
The Rancho San Pedro was initially devoted solely to ranching. While the various companies diversified the focus of the Dominguez heirs to include nurseries, real estate, and water management, tenant farming remained a vital part of Rancho San Pedro life throughout the first half of the century. Tenant farmers on Rancho lands included a large number who were of Japanese or Chinese descent. From the California Alien Land Act of 1913 to the evacuation of the Japanese during World War II, these tenants faced laws restricting where they lived and their right to lease land. Tenants and the Rancho landlords dealt with a number of issues related to the laws, including gathering birth certificates or other documents to prove tenants’ American citizenship, or writing letters of recommendation on tenants' behalf to War Relocation Boards.
Del Amo Estate Company Collection, 1908-1978, bulk 1926-1984.
51 linear feet. (1 linear foot selected for this project)
The company leased land to a number of Japanese and Chinese tenants; leases for these tenants are notable for including copies of birth certificates, proofs of citizenship, and other documentation needed for compliance with California’s Alien Land Act. With the advent of World War II, some Del Amo tenants were evacuated to relocation centers. The collection contains correspondence related to evacuation and relocation, including letters sent from relocation camps. Possibly 1 linear foot
Anderson (Glenn M.) Collection, 1998-2000.
430 linear feet.
Perhaps 25 items for grant relating to the local political reaction to Pearl Harbor.
Henry Fukuhara (April 25, 1913 - January 31, 2010) was a Japanese American abstract watercolor artist. He is best known for his watercolor paintings of Santa Monica, CA. and Manzanar, a World War II era Japanese American concentration camp where he and his family were imprisoned in 1942 and 1943. He began painting in his later life and quickly became a teacher and mentor to many modern artists and continues to influence watercolor artists today. Fukuhara has permanent collections at Los Angeles County Museum of Art, San Bernardino Museum of Art, and the Japanese American Museum of Art. He was also a member of the National Watercolor Society.
Dave Teruo Kawagoye Collection, 1944-2012
3 ln. ft.
Dave Kawagoye's (Oct 29, 1921-Mar 11, 2013) served in the U.S. Army 442nd RCT battles in France and Italy. His Anti-Tank Company was sent to Southern France to participate in glider landings during the Normandy invasion. Dave fought in five campaigns in the European theatre. After discharge, Dave, his two brothers and mother (Rohwer WRA camp) returned to the South Bay/Los Angeles where they grew up. He worked for the Long Beach Naval Shipyard after the war. Upon retirement, he became an active board member of Nisei veteran organizations which were instrumental in fundraising, planning, and maintenance of the Go for Broke monument in Little Tokyo. In November, 2012, Dave and his 442 RCT comrades were awarded the Congressional Gold Medal--four months before his death at 91 yrs. This collection is composed of books, documents, photos, Nisei veteran newsletters/board records, awards, commendations, newspaper clippings, materials on Nisei soldiers, photos of basic training, 442nd buddies in Europe: Anti-Tank battle accounts; 100th, 442nd Nisei Veterans Club publications, newsletters, photos, board minutes, 100th, 442nd RCT membership rosters, photos and program reunion events; Go for Broke board/ monument materials; Congressional Gold Medal invitation and replica, newspaper clippings, oral history interview on DVD, family photographs, military pins, 442nd vet shirts, caps, posters and other military memorabilia.
Donald Greaton Gardena Collection, 1907-2009.
4.5 linear feet (Selected materials only)
Collections consist of yearbooks from Gardena High School (originals, 1930s-1940s and photocopies 1907-1940s). For this grant this collection contains High School yearbooks that show the integration of Japanese Americans in this high school during the 1920s and 1930s to World War II.
Henry Y. Ikemoto Papers, 1940-2010.
1 linear foot.
World War II, Korean War veteran, LA County Probation Officer. Books, pamphlets, newsletters, correspondence, World War II photographs and other related materials.
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Special Collections and Archives at the Robert E. Kennedy Library.
Manzanar Collection, 1942-1995
Materials relating to the forced relocation to Manzanar, California, of Miriko Nagahama and Honey Mitsuye Toda, including correspondence, photographs, and newspapers, donated in 1981 and 1995.
Sonoma State University
North Bay Ethnic Archive Collection
The North Bay Ethnic Archive features material related to the forced relocation of northern San Francisco Bay Area residents to Incarceration Camp Granada (Amache), Colorado. It includes correspondence, photographs, and reports. Some of the original items are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese Americans Citizens League (JACL) and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL. The remainder are housed in Special Collections.
San Francisco State University
Included are "Out of the Desert" Scrapbook (Posten, AZ.) - 88 pages; 1942 Franciscan (San Francisco; San Francisco State College Students, 1942) 96 pages; INTERVIEW: Dr. John L. Kikuchi, Delores Y. Kikuchi, Mrs. Helen Nitta Hori, Mrs. Kaya Kitagawa Sugiyama, Dr. Roy Freeburg, and Mrs. Ruth Freeburg regarding the experiences of San Francisco State's Japanese-American students on campus during World War II. Additional tapes, yearbook materials, and other items are available.
California State University, San Bernardino
A large collection of camp newspapers, posters and other related materials. Library also has 100+ reels of microfilm from the National Archives which includes newspapers, WRA and other materials. A small selection of original documents will be digitized.
San Diego State University
Scattered materials in yearbooks and student newspapers on Japanese American students.
California State University, Channel Islands
Oral histories of two men and one woman who spent time in Santa Anita, Gila River, Tule Lake and other camps.
3 oral histories
California State University, Bakersfield
California State University, East Bay
A collection of materials that relate to the internment of Japanese Americans after the December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, that brought the United States into World War II. Includes papers of the War Relocation Authority.
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